are persian cats from iran

As one of the oldest cat breeds, Persian cats can be traced all the way back to the 1600s. While there are question marks about where they came from, they’re believed to have originated in Mesopotamia, later called Persia (hence the name), which is now modern day Iran.

Modern Persian (peke-face and ultra-typing) edit A Persian with a visible muzzle in contrast with a Persian with its forehead, nose and chin in vertical alignment, as called for by CFA’s 2007 breed standard. The shorter the muzzle, the higher the nose tends to be. UK standards penalise Persians whose nose leather extends above the bottom edge of the eye.

A spontaneous mutation in red tabby Persians in the late 1950s gave rise to the “peke-faced” Persian, which was named after the Pekingese dog with a flat face. Only 98 were registered between 1958 and 1995, when it was officially recognized as a distinct breed in the CFA. However, because of severe health problems, it had fallen out of favor by the mid-1990s. Breeders, however, began to favor the appearance and began producing offspring with the peke-face look. Extreme- or ultra-typing, the selective breeding technique that over-emphasized the traits of the breed, produced offspring that resembled peke-faced Persians. Although the phrase “peke-face” has been used to describe the ultra-typed Persian, it should only be applied to red tabby Persians who have the mutation. A lot of enthusiasts and CFA judges viewed the change in appearance as “a contribution to the breed.” “[23][24][25][26][self-published source].

In 1958, breeder and author P. M. Soderberg wrote in Pedigree Cats, Their Varieties, breeding and Exhibition:[26].

The Persian Breed Councils’ standard for Persians did not change, despite the Persians’ changing appearance. The Persian breed standard is centered on a rounded head, large, widely spaced round eyes, and a nose that is in line with the bottom of the eyes. The standard is somewhat open-ended by nature. The ideal Persian cat is described as having a broad chest, a short, cobby body with short, well-boned legs, and a round appearance. Standards to restrict the development of the extreme appearance were not altered until the late 1980s. [27] In 2004, the breed standard was updated to include the recommendation that muzzles not be overly prominent. [28] The standards were revised once more in 2007 to take into account the flat face. As a result, the forehead, nose, and chin are now supposed to be in vertical alignment. [29].

The Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) modified the standard in the UK in the 1990s, removing Persians with the “upper edge of the nose leather above the lower edge of the eye” from eligibility for Certificates or First Prizes in Kitten Open Classes. [30][31].

Public preference appears to be for the less extreme, older “doll-face” types of cats, even though ultra-typed cats perform better in the show ring. [23].

Skeletal conditions edit

Three Persian cats out of the 19 in the study who had radiography at the University of Missouri-Columbia Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital had hip dysplasia, which is more than the six 6% average for all cats. [79].

Traditional Persian edit Traditional-type golden Persian catMain article:

A variation of the Persian breed, known as the traditional Persian, doll-face Persian, or moon-face Persian[21], is essentially the original phenotype of the Persian cat without the development of extreme features. These names are relatively recent.

Due to two genetic mutations, many breeders in the United States, Germany, Italy, and other parts of the world began to interpret the Persian standard differently, and as a result, they developed the flat-nosed “peke-face” or “ultra-type” over time without changing the breed’s name from “Persian.” The peke-face type is regarded by some organizations, such as the Cat Fanciers Association (CFA), as the contemporary standard for the Persian breed. In order to distinguish the original type of Siamese cat from the long-faced modern development that has become popularly known as “the Siamese,” the retronym Traditional Persian was coined to refer to the original type, which is still bred. This is similar to the renaming of the original-style Siamese cat as the Traditional Siamese or Thai.

Not all cat enthusiast groups identify the Traditional Persian as such, or even recognize it as such. The very general TICA standard does not call for a flattened face. [22].

FAQ

What cats are common in Iran?

Though the exact origin of Persian cats is unknown, experts think they originated in modern-day Iran. That said, non-pedigreed cats are (by far) the most common in this region. Like in many countries, big cities in Iran are home to a large number of street cats.

Who invented the Persian cat?

Origin. Persian cats originate from Persia (Iran). The cats were introduced in Europe in the 1500s as highly valued items of trade. The Europeans were impressed by the Persian’s long, silky coat and purposefully bred the cats to perpetuate the trait.

Who bred the Persian cat?

It’s commonly believed that Persian cats originated in Mesopotamia, which was later named Persia—explaining the name “Persian” cats. We now know this country as Iran. Despite this widely held belief, some research shows that Persians’ genetic makeup is very similar to that of cats that originated in western Europe.

Are Persian cats genetically modified?

Yes, according to research literature in Dinoanimals.com, Persian cats have undergone multiple genetic modifications.