can humans get c diff from cats

Clostridium difficile is a species of bacteria that can be found in the intestinal tract of humans and many animal species, including pets, farm animals and wildlife. animals can transmit C. difficile to humans.

The pet owner, who shared the same home as their animal companion, completed an online survey and supplied a sample of feces from every member of the household. The survey included basic data and about C. challenging elements like the use of antibiotics, but also inquired about the home environment (such as the countryside) Additionally, the researchers gathered information about the pets, including breed, age, sex, whether or not they were neutered, whether they were housed inside or outside, and whether or not they took part in events or other activities at various locations.

The risk factors described for C. The researchers came to the conclusion that factors that are difficult for humans to apply to animals, such as age, hospitalization, past use of antibiotics, and contact with feces or diarrhea Thus, in order to discover possible sources for community-acquired C. difficile and understand the zoonotic potential, more studies are needed.

Rabold said C. difficile has low rates of isolation among dogs, cats, and their owners. The risk assessment of the survey data, along with the high overlap in relevant ribotypes, may indicate the possibility of zoonotic potential.

German researchers gathered feces samples from dogs and cats to examine the possibility of C transmission through zoonotic means. difficile from animals to human owners. Between July 2012 and August 2013, a total of 1418 fecal samples were collected throughout Germany; 415 households were included in the study.

The analysis showed that the prevalence associated with C. Approximately 3% of households with pets experienced difficult pet infection; researchers noted that this is comparable to the overall community. The researchers added that it was critical to remember C. difficile did not happen to humans and animals living in the same home at the same time.

On physical examination, she was febrile (38. 89°C), tachypneic (respiratory rate: 22 breaths/min), tachycardic (133 beats/min), but normotensive There was minimal abdominal tenderness and no guarding. There were 2,0 lactic acid units and 13,950 white blood cells/μL. 8 mg/dL, and urinalysis revealed trace leukocyte esterase. She had two days of intravenous antibiotics for a suspected urinary tract infection (UTI), even though the urine culture came back negative. Her colon was normal on a computed tomography scan of her abdomen and pelvis with contrast, which indicated left pyelonephritis. The stool polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was positive for C. difficile, and she was sent home with a 14-day prescription for oral vancomycin. Following the completion of the 14-day course, she reported that her diarrhea had resolved.

The lack of whole genome sequencing on stool isolates limited this investigation. As such, resolution of the patient’s stool microbiota was limited. Furthermore, the patient had ciprofloxacin exposure before her first CDI, which increases the risk of CDI.

With special thanks to Rachael Whitehead, a medical illustrator, for helping with the figure used in this manuscript.

In conclusion, it is plausible that the patient acquired C given the timing of the onset of the patient’s symptoms and the adoption of the cat, as well as the resolution of the patient’s symptoms after the cat was treated. difficile from the cat. This case examines the zoonotic transmission of C and emphasizes the value of taking a thorough medical history. difficile as a novel etiology of CA-CDI.

Community-associated Clostridium difficile infections (CA-CDI) are becoming more common, and natural reservoirs from animals like domestic cats and dogs, livestock, shellfish, and wild animals have been linked to this increase [1]. The secret to this case is comprehending how the infectious agent, the host’s surroundings, and the human host interact. Recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CdI) in a domestic cat is a new instance of CA-CDI, which is defined as CDI in a person who has not spent the night in an inpatient hospital in the 12 weeks before the onset of symptoms [2, 3].

FAQ

Can cats cause C. diff in humans?

A recent case report in the journal American Journal of Case Reports (Garza et al. 2023) implicated a pet cat as the cause of a person’s recurrent Clostridium (Clostridioides) difficile infection. Spoiler alert: it’s a pretty weak link.

Can you get Clostridium difficile from animals?

Zoonotic transmission of Clostridium difficile has been largely hypothesised to occur after direct or indirect contact with contaminated animal faeces. Recent studies have reported the presence of the bacterium in the natural environment, including in soils and rivers. If C.

Is it OK to be around someone with C. diff?

diff contagious? Yes, but most healthy adults who come in contact with C. diff won’t get sick. They won’t pick up the germs or be affected by them at all.

How do humans get Clostridium difficile?

C. diff bacteria are commonly found in the environment, but people usually only get C. diff infections when they are taking antibiotics. That’s because antibiotics not only wipe out bad germs, but they also kill the good germs that protect your body against infections.