do cats pee in the litter box

Cats are generally fastidious animals who like to keep themselves clean and tidy, and they instinctively use their litter box to do their business. However, there may be times when your cat starts peeing outside of their litter box, causing a lot of frustration for their owners.

The truth about why cats urinate outside of litter boxes: the medical and behavioral causes Your Kitchener vet | © 2024 Kingsdale Animal Hospital chevron-downtwitterfacebookinstagramcrossmenuarrow-3-down-bottomArrow-1-Up-Topdelete-disabled-crossmenu-burger-square6arrow-location-directionMobileemail-letter-square

Dirty Litter Box

Cats are particular about their toilets. It’s possible that your cat finds the litter box too unclean. Alternatively, it might be immaculately clean but not very comfortable to use. For instance, your cat might find the box too small to use comfortably. Alternatively, it might be somewhere your cat dislikes. If its covered, this may bother your cat. Maybe your cat’s paws have an unpleasant feeling to them or a strong smell from the litter. Too few litter boxes can also be a problem because cats like variety.

do cats pee in the litter box

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Medical Problems

Seeing your veterinarian should be your first step if your cat is urinating outside of the litter box. The veterinarian will examine your cat physically and examine a sample of urine. Based on the results, your vet will recommend treatment. There are several common urinary medical conditions that affect cats:

  • Bladder stones: Some cats experience actual bladder stones, which can irritate and even obstruct the bladder. Crystals can occur with bladder stones or act as a trigger for the development of stones. X-rays will be required to ascertain the size and number of bladder stones if your veterinarian suspects bladder stones. Larger bladder stones may require surgical removal (cystotomy), but smaller stones may dissolve with a special diet. Urinary tract infections frequently coexist with bladder stones in cats. If so, antibiotic treatment is necessary.
  • Idiopathic cystitis: The term cystitis means inflammation of the bladder. Idiopathic means the cause is unknown. Cats with cystitis often have hematuria (blood in the urine). Urine testing is necessary because blood can only be found under a microscope. Your cat’s urine may contain blood, but if your veterinarian finds no bacteria, stones, or crystals in it, the most likely diagnosis is idiopathic cystitis. Treatment for idiopathic cystitis typically consists of dietary modifications and environmental enrichment. Pain and antianxiety medications may also be used.
  • Metabolic disease: Increased urination is one of the signs of chronic kidney disease. Other metabolic conditions such as diabetes, thyroid problems, and liver disease may cause your cat to urinate more frequently. Your veterinarian might want to perform some blood work to check for these problems if your cat has been drinking more or if you are finding that you need to clean the litter box more frequently.
  • Urinary tract infections, often known as UTIs, are uncommon in young cats but can frequently be the cause of urinary problems in older cats. They can occur on their own or in combination with other urinary tract-related illnesses. Urinary tract inflammation can be brought on by bacteria in the urine. Antibiotics are used to treat a urinary tract infection. After the antibiotics are finished, your veterinarian will probably advise additional testing to make sure the infection has cleared up.

Feline lower urinary tract disease, or FLUTD, is the term used to describe a chronic urinary problem or problems. In order to support the urinary tract, your veterinarian may suggest a special urine diet and/or supplements if your cat has been diagnosed with FLUTD.

Urinary issues, particularly in male cats, can result in a dangerous urinary blockage. Don’t put off visiting the veterinarian if your cat is having problems with his or her urination. Your cat may have a blockage or partial obstruction if they are making the sign to urinate but very little or no urine is coming out. In this situation, take your cat to the veterinarian right away because this illness has the potential to become fatal.

Sometimes a cat with a nonurinary health issue will urinate inappropriately. There could be pain or discomfort in other parts of your cat’s body causing them to urinate outside of the box. In the event that no health concerns are discovered during the initial exam or urinalysis, it is a good idea to have your veterinarian order extensive lab work. Lab testing can identify major health issues like diabetes or kidney disease, enabling your veterinarian to start treatment right away.

FAQ

Do cats naturally pee in litter box?

While most cats will have already mastered the art of peeing inside of the litter box by the time they make their way into your home, there are simple ways to keep them healthy, happy, and using their litter box correctly.

Why do cats stop peeing in the litter box?

Basically, your cat peeing outside the box can be caused by four main reasons: An underlying medical condition leading to painful and more frequent peeing; Problems with the litter or the litter box; Stress or anxiety that has disrupted your cat’s routine and sense of safety; and.

How often do cats pee in litter box?

Healthy cats typically pee between 2 and 4 times each day. But this frequency is also affected by water intake, diet, heat and humidity. Keep tabs on your cat’s peeing habits. Did it use to pee twice a day but recently started to do so more than usual?