is garlic harmful for cats

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Treating Garlic Poisoning in Cats

Garlic poisoning is usually diagnosed by combining clinical signs, history, and microscopic analysis of a blood sample. Under a microscope, the red blood cell’s specific structural damage is visible due to the toxic compound found in garlic, sodium n-propyl thiosulfate.

Your veterinarian may try inducing vomiting at the hospital if your cat consumed the garlic within the previous two hours. Sadly, inducing vomiting in cats is difficult and frequently dangerous, so your veterinarian will go over decontamination options with you. They might advise giving activated charcoal to the stomach in order to bind any more toxins. In extreme circumstances, your pet might have to stay in a hospital to receive blood transfusions and IV fluids.

Most cats that eat small amounts of garlic recover and don’t experience any long-term problems. However, severe garlic poisoning can be fatal, especially without treatment. Because prevention is always better than cure, never let your cat eat anything that contains garlic or garlic powder.

Peterson, Michael E. Small Animal Toxicology. 3rd ed. Elsevier Saunders; 2001.

Hovda, Lynn, et al. Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion: Small Animal Toxicology. 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons; 2016.

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Peterson, Michael E. Small Animal Toxicology. 3rd ed. Elsevier Saunders; 2001.

Hovda, Lynn, et al. Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion: Small Animal Toxicology. 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons; 2016.

Featured : Adobe/Kristina Blokhin

Dr. 2010 saw the graduation of Veronica Higgs from Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine. She then completed a 1-year rotating.

Is Garlic Bad for Cats?

Garlic is poisonous to cats whether it is cooked or raw, so never give it to them in any form, including:

  • Garlic cloves
  • Jarred minced garlic
  • Garlic powders and salts
  • All prepared or store-bought foods that include garlic, including broths and baby food

Garlic is a type of vegetable that belongs to the Allium genus, which also includes leeks, onions, and chives. Your cat’s food or treats should never contain any of these.

Garlic contains a toxic compound called sodium n-propyl thiosulfate. This toxin damages red blood cells, making them brittle and ultimately causing hemolysis, or the breakdown and destruction of the cells. In addition to red or brown urine discoloration, hemolysis causes anemia. When anemia is severe, organ failure and death may ensue from the body’s organs not receiving enough oxygen.

Because garlic poisoning can become fatal, it needs to be treated like a medical emergency. Take your cat to the veterinarian right away if they consume garlic. Do not wait until they are acting sick.