are cats color blind like dogs

Similar to dogs, cats only have two types of receptors in their eyes, and they can only see shades of gray, blue, and yellow. Also similar to dogs, cats are limited to a range of 10,000 shades of those specific colors, which means they have a hard time focusing on objects that are red, orange, and green.

Previously, it was believed that animals, such as dogs and cats, could only see in black and white. However, scientists have proven this to be a myth. Cone photoreceptor cells are the cells in the eye that determine color perception in all animals, including humans. Dogs and cats have cones that are sensitive to green and blue light. This means they have a useful level of colour vision. Other animals’ ability to see color depends on the kinds and quantity of cones in their bodies.

Dogs and cats have developed to be incredibly well-suited for hunting at night. Rods, the cells in the eyes that are sensitive to low light, are highly concentrated in their eyes. This indicates that they can see normally with as little light as 2015% of what humans would require. Additionally, when they need to take in more light, their pupils dilate dramatically, much like a camera’s aperture does. Particularly cats have remarkable night vision and remarkably large pupils for their body size. But the idea that dogs and cats can see in the dark is untrue. The eyes of all animals need light in order to function properly.

Red, blue, and green cones are used by humans to see in full color. However cats and dogs only have blue and green cones. This indicates that their perception of color is far more subdued, similar to human color blindness. Cats and dogs have trouble telling some colors apart because they are not sensitive to red light. Dog behavioral tests, for instance, indicate that they can tell the difference between red and blue, but frequently confuse it with green. Similarly, they often perceive green as grey.

Compared to human eyes, the vision of our furry friends is lacking in some ways, but so much better in others. Are dogs and cats colorblind?

(Credit: otsphoto/Shutterstock)

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If social media is anything to go by, dog and cat vision are certainly having a moment, especially on TikTok, where it seems like practically every pet-owning user has accessed the platform’s wildly popular dog- and cat-vision filters.

Anyone who owns a dog or cat will eventually want to know how their pet perceives the outside world. So are apps and filters really a good representation of what we can see? Let’s compare what our furry friends can see to what we can see.


What colors can cats see in?

Cats can see colours, but they don’t see quite as many different shades as humans can. Due to the construction of their eyes, it’s thought that the colours cats can see best are blue and yellow, while red and green appear to them as shades of grey, similar to people who are red-green colourblind.

Are cats colour blind like dogs?

Cats and dogs are colour blind However cats and dogs only have blue and green cones. This means they have a much more muted perception of colour, which is akin to colour blindness in humans. As cats and dogs are not sensitive to red light, they have difficulty distinguishing some colours.

What color blindness do cats have?

Dichromatism in cats is thought to be most comparable to red-green color blindness in people where shades of blue-greens and reds appear more like gray.

What colors can dogs and cats see?

Just like dogs, cats’ color vision is primarily in shades of yellow, blue, and gray, although cats tend to perceive more blue and greenish-yellow hues, while dogs’ vision focuses more on blue and yellow.